Emu (Dromaius Novaehollandiae)



Distribution:
Widespread on the mainland of Australia and a growing population due to artificial watering points for cattle and sheep. The emu has been resident in Australia at least 80 million years.

General Info:
Fast runner, can reach speeds of up to 40 mph for short bursts. Running bird can make a stride of nine feet. Expert swimmer. Bill is broad and soft, adapted for browsing and grazing. When food is abundant, large stores of fat are developed. They move great distances for food except when males are sitting on eggs.

Habitat:
Found on the grassy plains and dry open forests of Australia.
African Spotted Owl (Bubo africanus)
General Info:
The spotted owl is a medium-sized species of owl, one of the smallest of the eagle owls. Its length is 45 centimetres (18 in) and its weight is from 480 to 850 grams (1.1 to 1.9 lb). It has a 100 to 140 centimetres (39 to 55 in) wingspan.

Prey and habits:
Its prey consists of small mammals, birds, insects, frogs, and reptiles. It often swallows quite large prey whole, with much head-jerking, and if the object is really challenging, pausing and resting with the mouth full. Prey too large for such treatment it will tear in the normal raptorial fashion, and it also tears shreds off prey to feed nestlings.
The male will hunt and bring food when the female cannot leave the nest. Sometimes, even in conditions verging on starvation, he will tear the head off a mouse, but bring the body for the female to feed to the young, or to eat herself if the eggs have not yet hatched.


Conservation:
It is illegal to capture or keep these owls in most southern African countries.
Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo Geralis) “Hugo and Bell”



Distribution:
This is a bird of the North American plains. During the winter it moves further south into the south western United States and northern Mexico. When migrating the birds rarely flock, but remain in pairs or small groups.

General Info:
It prefers to nest in trees, when it can, and uses the highest available, but it could equally be on a bush or among boulders on a hillside - frequently almost at ground level. It builds its nest from sticks, lined with cow or horse droppings, sagebrush roots and even dried animal bones. The same nest is used, and added to, year on year. It can grow to the size of a Golden Eagle's nest, 360 to 460 cm in height.

Habitat:
Its favoured territory is open dry country.
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus Roratus)



Distribution:
The eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) is a parrot native to the Solomon Islands, Sumba, New Guinea and nearby islands, northeastern Australia and the Maluku Islands (Moluccas).

General Info:
It is unusual in the parrot family for its extreme sexual dimorphism of the colours of the plumage; the male having a mostly bright emerald green plumage and the female a mostly bright red and purple/blue plumage. Joseph Forshaw, in his book Parrots of the World, noted that the first European ornithologists to see eclectus parrots thought they were of two distinct species. Large populations of this parrot remain, and they are sometimes considered pests for eating fruit off trees. Some populations restricted to relatively small islands are comparably rare. Their bright feathers are also used by native tribes people in New Guinea as decorations
White Cheeked Touraco (Tauraco leucotis)



Distribution:
All touracos are native to Africa, being found in Ethiopa and Eritea.

General Info:
In the wild touracos eat a variety of fruits and plant material including the berries of the juniper tree. They nest in trees, building rough twiggy nests which can be seven to ten meters above the ground. They usually lay two eggs which are incubated for 22 – 23 days.

Habitat:
Mountain forests and connected well wooded streams.
Bengal Eagle Owl (Bubo Bengelensis) “Molly”



Distribution:
West Himalayas, Pakistan, throughout India, Kashmir, Nepal, Assam and Burma.

General Info:
They’re also known as Rock or Indian Eagle Owl. Bengal Eagle Owls are mostly nocturnal. They fly with slow, deliberate wing beats, with long bouts of gliding. Male has a deep, resonant, double hoot bu-whooh, repeated at intervals of several seconds. The female's song is similar, with a slightly higher pitch. Generally, these Owls will breed from February to April, but this may vary locally between October and May. The nest is usually a shallow scrape on bare earth. This may be on a protected rock ledge, riverbank, or a recess in a cliff that is in a ravine.

Habitat:
Rocky Hills with bushes, earth banks, wooded county with ravines, semi-deserts with rocks and bushes  
Blue and Gold Macaw (Ara Ararauna) “Pepe”



Distribution:
Panama and South America to northern Argentina.

General Info:
Associate in pairs even within large flocks. Fly close together, wings almost touching. Generally seen flying above the forest canopy or feeding among branches of tall trees. Have regular roosting sites. In early morning, flocks leave to fly to feeding grounds (may be some distance away). Return flights commence just before sunset. Numbers in evening flights run into the hundreds.

Habitat:
Inhabits forests and tall palms growing in swamps or along watercourses.
Snowy Owl (Nyctea Scandiaca) “Diamond & Pearl”



Distribution:
Snowy Owls can be found in the Arctic, being a bird of the frozen tundra. At times they venture as far south as the Shetland Islands, but this is usually only when there is a severe scarcity of prey in their normal abode, and then only in the depth of winter.

General Info:
Most of the apparent bulk of this bird is, in fact, feather insulation. It is nothing like as large and powerful as the European Eagle Owl, although it appears outwardly to be about the same size.
Experiments have shown that it can easily survive ambient temperatures below the lowest recorded in the northern hemisphere, -62 C (-80 F).

Habitat:
Tundra of the Arctic.
Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo Novaeguineae) “Ozzie and Queenie”



Distribution:
They are found through out eastern Australia from the northern tip of Queensland right down to Tasmania. They have also been introduced to the southern part of Western Australia.

General Info:
The kookaburra is the largest kingfisher. The laughing kookaburra has a short thick body with a very large head with a dark eye streak. Their colourings are mainly brown with black markings on top with a creamy whit underbelly and head, and "mottled" blue patch on their wings. They are famous for their laughing calls which usually occur at dawn and dusk and is in fact the kookaburra "marking out" its territory.

Habitat:
They frequent open forests and Eucalypt bush land.